Pollution has now become a global problem. The face of our beautiful land has changed. It is slowly destroying our environment and it is difficult to survive here.
Some species of flora and fauna are extinct due to the harmful effects of pollution, and many others are on the verge of extinction. Pollution has been categorized according to its nature.
Different types of pollutants affect our planet in different ways. Here you can see the types of pollution, their causes, effects and the measures that can be taken to reduce them.
Air pollution is considered the most dangerous pollution. The main cause of this pollution is industrial and vehicle smoke. The harmful gases emitted by these sources pollute the air and make breathing difficult.
The increase in the number of factories and vehicles has led to an increase in air pollution. This has led to numerous health problems. Bronchitis and lung disease are two common health problems caused by air pollution.
Air pollution not only affects human health but also worsens the environment by contributing to global warming.
Industrial and household waste often enter and pollute rivers and other waters. Our bodies of water, once clean and devout, have become a breeding ground for a variety of diseases, as they have been filled with a variety of plastic, chemical, and other non-biodegradable waste.
These pollutants mixed in the water affect our health. In particular, water pollution has become a threat to marine life. Some of them die every day as a result of this contamination.
Industrial and domestic waste, when trying to destroy or recycle it, a large amount of it is not discarded. This causes soil contamination, which becomes a breeding ground for mosquitoes, flies, and other insects that cause several deadly diseases.
It also refers to the contamination of the soil by waste products, which eventually become toxic. Soil pollution is also caused by the regular use of insecticides, pesticides, and other strong chemicals. This type of pollution is often referred to as soil contamination.
The noise pollution is caused by the high-intensity noise generated by the machines installed in the factories. It is also caused by vehicles on the street, the explosion of explosions, and the music played on the speakers.
The noise pollution can cause stress and affect the brain. It can also lead to hearing problems.
Light pollution is an excessive, unwanted, or inappropriate light in a particular area. Light pollution can be in the form of an Urban Glow. Excessive unwanted dazzling effect in the area of a city.
Light falls without authorization, without intention or necessity, glare. Excessive light or bright light and disorder. A group of unwanted lights as in a light over the urban area.
Radioactive contamination refers to the presence of unwanted radioactive substances in the atmosphere. Radioactive contamination could be the result of explosions of radioactive weapons or tests, extraction and handling of radioactive materials, or accidents at radioactive power plants.
The radioactive substances in the atmosphere even pollute the natural resources of water and make them harmful for consumption or even for domestic use.
Thermal pollution refers to a sudden change in water temperature; A change large enough to disturb the ecological balance. The use of water as a refrigerant in various industries is the main cause of thermal pollution.
When the water used as a coolant is suddenly returned to the body of water, it reduces its total oxygen content because the gases are less soluble in hotter liquids.
As a result, aquatic life suffers from sudden fluctuations in temperature and oxygen shortage.
All that the human being has done and obstructs his vision is visual contamination, which includes posters, signals, antennas, garbage cans, electrical towers, towers, cables, vehicles, buildings, etc, Stress and depression.
Unplanned and unregulated housing is the main cause of pollution.
Another threat to the world with the pollution is Climate change. Due to the heavy production of the huge amount of carbon-di-oxide, methane from organic waste is making a layer in the atmosphere that is trapping radiation inside the earth which is eventually increasing the temperature of the earth.
This shows the alarming condition with the rising sea level, melting mountain snow that can threaten glacier outburst. As well change in temperature has altered the seasonal moment.
Every year crop production is reducing due to inadequate rainfall as well as they get destroyed by heavy rainfall and landslide during harvesting time.
This change in climate is due to the increase in temperature and heavy amount of carbon-di-oxide along with other gas like methane, CFCl, which are responsible for this. Therefore control in carbon emission should be the immediate action to control further epidemics caused by the climate change.
Pollution has become a great challenge today and should be reviewed before facing a monster. We can definitely prevent pollution with the measures detailed below.
Reforesting or planting more trees is one of the best ways to combat pollution. The more trees we plant, the more carbon dioxide and other harmful gases are absorbed by the environment and the air is cleaned.
The fewer vehicles we use, the less harmful fumes will enter the environment and the pollution will decrease. The use of bicycles for short distances is a better option.
An adequate waste management system will help prevent the toxic elements of the industry from entering the environment and make the air and water cleaner.
It will also save aquatic animals in rivers and oceans and help them thrive without danger. Farmers should limit the use of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture and choose biofertilizers and natural fertilizers to improve crop yields.
It helps to save soil fertility and protects groundwater from pollution. Recycling is the best way to combat pollution. It helps reduce waste and protects the environment from harmful products.
We still have time to save our ecosystem, and we need the effort in unison of each one. Pollution requires a global conscience, and each of us must understand our mistakes and break what we usually do intentionally or not, which leads to pollution.
We must understand our responsibility and work to make our planet a better place for ourselves and for other species.